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Monday, 16 July 2012
Juzz 'Amma has 36 surahs in it. (starting from surah 78 [naba] to surah 114 [al-naas]).
Indexed Surahs - ready to be translated straightaway:
- Surah al Ma'oon
- Surah al Lahab
- Surah al 'Aadiyaat
- Surah al Zilzaal
Surahs in Progress of being Translated:
- Surah al Qaari'ah (brother Mus'ab is working on this)
- Surah al Feel (sister Sabeen is working on this)
- Surah al Takaathur (brother Mustafa has paused on this.)
Surahs which ARE Indexed, NEED Translation:
- Surah Aadiyat (100)
- Surah Zilzaal (99)
- Surah al Ma'oon (107)
Surahs which need to be Indexed (by Omar Alvi) and Translated:
- Naba' (78)
- Naazi'aat (79)
- Abasa (80)
- al-Takwir (81)
- al-Infitar (82)
- al Mutafiffeen (83)
- al-Inshiqaq 84
- al Buruj (85)
- al-Tariq (86)
- al A'la (87)
- al-Ghashiyah 88
- al Fajr 89
- al Balad 90
- al Shams (91)
- al-Layl 92
- al Duha 93
- al-Sharh 94
- al-Teen 95
- al Alaq 96
- al Qadr 97
- al Bayyinah 98
Surahs COMPLETE (but Need Reviewing):
- Surah al 'Asr (103)
- Surah Quraysh (106)
- Surah al Kawthar (108)
- Surah al Kafiroon (109)
- Surah al Nasr (110)
- Surah al Ikhlaas (112)
- Surah al Falaq (113)
- Surah al Naas (114)
Wednesday, 13 June 2012
Tuesday, 29 May 2012
Surah Al-Ikhlaas 112 -- 2 words left out earlier
yakun (Hona). page 900.
* kaana: 2:24, 76:7, 2:59 (to be, become, happen, exist)
yakun: to give news of the happening of something new in present & future.
* asbaHa: 28:10
to be; to do anything in the morning.
* sadara: 99:6, 28:23
To accomplish a task with satisfaction.
* waqa'a: 70:1 27:75
To fall, to befall upon hard ways. Used to indicate the coming of hard days.
kufuw (Hona. hum ahangi). page 890.
* Qareen: 4:38
An intimate companion of same age.
* atraab: 56:36-37
Of the same age & nature. friends.
* samiyyun: 19:7?
Same name; a namesake.
* kufu: 112:4
Of equal status; alike.
* Saffa: 89:22, 67:19.
To arrange in a row or rank, arranged in order.
* zaaha: 9:30
Similarity in face or habits.
Surah al-Kauthar (108)
Aa3Taa (dena). page 511.
* Aata: 2:177
To give (commonly used)
* A3'ta: 20:50, 11:108
To give a handsome reward for obeying, doing a hard job or for caring.
* Ada: 2:283
Payment of rights & financial dues.
* diya: 4:92
Payment of boold money.
* asaba: 5:85
To reward doubly, give as extra recompense.
* wahba: 42:49
To bestow, not expecting any gain or reward in return.
* rafada: 11:99
To help some poor & helpless person by giving a pension etc.
* dafa'a(ila): 4:6
To repay a loan, to give back something to one who owns it.
* hadiyya: 27:26
A gift or offering given to better relationships.
* nahala: 4:4
A free gift, given voluntarily & wholeheartedly.
Kauthar. see 4th from bottom below. (pahad, wadiyaan aur amakin). page 927. Appendix 1/8.
* Safa, Marwa: 2:158
The two hills in Makkah between which Hazrath Hajira ran looking for water; Hajis perform sae'e between them.
* joodi'i: 11:44
The mountain situated in the Arafat range of mountains in Kurdastan where Hazrath Nuh's (alaihis salaam) ark landed after the waters of the flood receded.
* seena (seeneen), toor, tuwa: 95:1-2
seena & seeneen are one & the same. A high mountain of 7359 feet height situated in the path between Syria & Egypt, where Musa (alaihis salaam) talked with Allah taala. Toor is the peak of the mountain & Tuwa is the valley where they camped.
25 kms from Makkah; hajis have to spend 9th dhil-hijja day compulsarily thhere.
* Mash'aril haram: 2:198
A hilllock near Muzdalifa, Hajis spend the night here while returning from Arafat & pick up the pebbles here for Rami.
* Badr: 3:123
80 miles from Madina; a plain between Makkah & Madina. Ma'arke (?) Badr in 2H fought in this plain.
* Hunain: 9:25
A valley between Makkah & Taif.
* Masjid Aqsa: 17:1
The first qibla of Muslims
* Sidratul muntaha: 53:15
The tree at the farthest height; Surah Najm 5-18 verses gives details of its significance.
* Kauthar: 108:1
A river in paradise, granted to Prophet Muhammad (Sallellahu alaihi wasallam)
* Salsabeel: 76:17-18
A lake in paradise which has the taste of "Sanl" (?)
Zanjabeel = hot in nature; helps in digestion.
* Tasneem: 83:27-28
Another lake in paradise.
* Kafoor: 76:5
Camphor, cold in nature; also mixed in the drinks in paradise.
nahara (Zubah karna). page 527.
* zabaha: 2:71
To sacrifice; cut the throat according to known shara'i method.
* zakka: 5:3
To pay attention to the animals' ease while sacrificing it.
* nahara: 108:3.
To sacrifice by cutting the jugular vein.
sha'ani (Dushman. dushmani). page 481.
* Aduwwu, adawat: 7:22 ( opposite: ج ا عداء Siddiq)
An enemy, who thinks bad & about loss and feels happy on other's misfortune & pain.
* baghza (badDha?): 5:64 (opposite: Hubb)
to hate; second stage of enmity.
* sha'ani, shana'an: 5:8, 108:3
One who thinks bad & envies. i.e. who hates & keeps enmity in his heart (مف) - the worst enemy & this is the third stage of enmity (169) ف ل)
abtar (kaatna). page 689.
* hasada: 12:47
To reap, harvest with a sharp knife.
* sarama: 68:18
To cut off - dates or bunch of fruits - from a tree with a sharp edged instrument.
* qata'3a: 59:5
To cut asunder anything.
* qatta'3a: 47:15
To cut into pieces.
* batara: 108:3
To cut off the tail; childless.
* bataka: 4:119
To cut off, rip off ears etc.
* 3azza: 25:27
To bite with (teeth)
* khazada: 56:28
To break wood; cut off the throns from a tree.
* jazza: 11:108
To break something hard into pieces; fragments.
* 3aqara: 91:13
To give a sharp wound by cutting; hamstring.
Salli/Salaat (ibadat aur shar'ee isthalahaat). page 931. Appendix 1/11.
* Salaat: literally means to give blessings/duas and to praise & give respect (مفا).
Salla means to offer prayers. The order to offer prayers is mentioned nearly 700 times in the Quran kareem; details are not mentioned. Only three prayers (Namaz) and their timings are mentioned in the Quran; during sunset, evening and morning. The middle prayers have been mentioned but not in clear terms as to which prayer it is. Prayers in congregation have been mentioned many times and for this the phrase "Iqaamatis Salaat" has been used. Purity and the farDs of Wudu have been mentioned and the pillars of Salat: Ruku, Qiyaam and Sajda are also mentioned. Raka'a literally means to bend but figuratively it means bending in a precise and known manner from the back during salaat which should point to humbleness and helplessness.
Raka'at comes from Raka'a which means that this is the most important part of Salat. Also this word has been used in the Quran for the total/whole Salat. Allah says: 2:43.
Sajada literally means humility and submission (مفا منجد) and everything in this world submits before Allah Taala. But in shara'ee parlance, it means to sit in a particular manner and to bow down by putting the forehead and nose on the earth. Like Ruku, Sajda is also an important part of Salat. Allah says: 48:29.
Apart from the time bound known prayers, Quran also mentions salaat Qasr (prayer of a wayfarer) and Salar ul khawf (prayer during war) and Namaz e Janaza and Namaze Tahajjud are also mentioned.
The word "Sala'at" comes in four meanings in the Quran:
1) The time bound prayers
2) Namaze e Janaza which has no Ruku or Sajda, only Qiyam. Allah says: 9:85.
3) In the meaning of Dua: Allah says: 9:103 and
4) and if it relates to Allah Taala, then it means to shower Rahmah. Allah says 33:56.
103 - surah Al-Asr
---- Ayah 1 ---
Asr. page 559.
* Dahar 76:1
Space of time from creation of the worlds to its end
* Asr 103:1
Space of time from creation of man till the day of resurrection.
* Qarn 20:51
A generation or people of a generation.
* Huqba 18:61
A long space of time; space of eighty years.
* Raibal Manoon 52:30
The vicissitudes of time; passing of time.
Insaan (Aadmi). page 71.
* Ins: 51:56 2:24 2:60 25:49
plural: naas, anaas & anasiyya. Used when mentioning the social aspects of man.
* Adam: used when referring to Adam (alaihis salaam) & whole of manking.
* Bashar: 74:29, 23:47, 17:94-95.
Used when describing the natural and physical necessities of man.
------- Ayah 2 --------
Inna (beshak). page 253.
* Inna, Anna: 2:20, 2:260, 2:68, 62:1 (verily, indeed = literal meaning)
Inna comes as an initial word whereas anna comes in the middle of a verse.
* La jarama: 11:22 (No doubt = literal meaning)
Is used as emphasis on Anna.
* Qad: 58:1 (Already, not unexpected = literal meaning)
Enters in past tense and gives it the meaning of recent past.
Khusr (Nuqsaan. nuqsaan hona). page 854.
* Zarr, zair: 7:188, 36:50
To hurt, harm, injure.
* khasaran: 35:39
Suffer loss in trade.
* Kasad: 9:24
A want of purchasers; the act of remaining unsold.
* bakhas: 72:12
To receive a deficient & wasteful thing in exchange for a good thing.
* bowar: 35:29
Perdition, one who is lost, broke.
* Maghram: 9:60, 56:65-66
A debt that must be paid, a forced loan.
------- Ayah 3 ---------
3amila (kaam karna). page 693.
* Fa'ala: 26:29, 2:68 (to do, make, perform, accomplish)
Any word done, whether advertently or inadvertently.
* 3amila: 18:79 (to be active)
Such work which is done (want only) to satisfy some want.
* sana3a: 11:38 (to nourish, to bring up)
To make do. Chiefly used in things where art is employed.
* sada'a: 15:94 (to split, expound, profer openly)
To do something against all odds.
* jaraha: 6:60, 45:21 (to wound; acquire for one's self)
To wound; those who seek to do evil.
* ta'ammada: 4:93 (to afflict)
To do something evil on purpose.
* amr: 27:33 (a command, decree, matter, thing, business)
More encompassing work which includes physical, mental & status etc)
* sha'an: 55:29, 24:62
A personally satisfying job, work done (to know, care for)
Haqqa (sabith hona). page 377.
* Haqqa: 17:16
That which is right and proper, just due.
* hashas: 12:51
To become manifest; truth reveals after being suppressed for sometime.
Sabr (bardasth karna). page 212.
* Hilm: 37:101 (understanding, kind, gracious, intelligent)
To be patient when sad or angry & to postpone & give time before giving punishment.
* Sabr: 2:177
To be patient & constant during every kind of adversity.
* Kazm: 12:85, 3:134
To restrain, grieving inwardly & in silence.
Saturday, 26 May 2012
more contributions from sister (surah al-kaafiroon done).
may Allah accept from her & may her reward for this be from Allah alone. say ameen.
SURAH 109 - Al-Kaafiroon
Qul. Baat. page 169.
- qawl: 18:19, 58:8, 19:34
Any speech, whether meaningful or not, whether from the heart or as a figure of speech.
- hadees: 65:1, 39:23, 23:44
A new saying which is not known to the common man.
- kalima: 23:100, 18:109, 39:19
Only meaningful speech, Allah's orders and the wonders of nature etc.
Ya (word for calling). Aye. page 166.
- Ya: 2:40, 3:33
Commonly used for addressing someone.
- Ayyuha: 55:31, 39:64. Ayyatuha (feminine): 12:70.
Ya & Ayyuha used together for emphasis.
ex: Ya Ayyuhan Nabi: 33:50. Ya Ayyuhan Naas: 2:21.
Also both used with "Ya Ayyuhal lazeena" ex: 5:90
Ya Ayyatuha: 89:27 (Ya Ayyatuhan Nafsul Mutmainna)
Kaafiroon. page 929.
From "Religions & Sects" Appendix 1 / 10
1- Muslimeen: 22:78
Muslim is one who accepts the call of a prophet
2- Mumineen: 49:14
Momin is one whose imaan has become strong & entered his heart. Next stage of Islam.
3- kuffar: 2:6
kafir is one who rejects the call of a prophet, belonging to any religion.
4- munafiqeen: 4:144
munafiq is one who outwardly accepts Islam but at heart he is a kafir & his loyalties lie with the unbelievers.
5- mushrikeen: 12:106
mushrik is one who believes that besides Allah, there are others too, who are capable of causing gain or loss and
who should be worshipped (eg: angels, jinn, idols, sun, moon etc).
They are found in all sects, even among Muslims & Mu'mins.
6- yahoodi: disciples of hadrath moosa (alaihis salaam)
7- nasaara: disciples of hadrath Isa (alaihis salaam) and believers in their holy book - Bible. 5:82, 3:52.
8- majoos: worshippers of sun & fire. so called disciples of hadrath Nuh (alaihis salaam).
Enmity towards all other prophets. They believe there are two gods: one for good & one for evil (neki & badi).
god of good is called Yazdan; god of evil is called Aharman. Their holy books are called Zand & Oastha.
9- sabi'een: worshippers of the star, who put hadrath Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) into fire.
They too claim to be disciples of hadrath Nuh (alaihis salaam) and deny all other prophets. 22:17.
Deen. page 968.
From "Alfaz thawil Azdaad" (appendix 3/1).
Deen: 39:3, 2:193, 12:76, 1:4, 56:87.
This is one of the words with two meanings; both are the opposites of one another.
Ex: Deen means total authority & control and total submission& degradation. 39:3, 2:193.
It also means the rules & the authority to judge & to reward or punish. 12:76, 1:4, 56:87.
(Deen = custom, institution, religion, the true faith, obedience, judgement = literary meaning)